No matter how perfect the preparation and the film, the paper, the printing were, the appearance and the quality of the work after releasing from the bindery are the real art.

The process of folding the papers on which there are printed books, periodicals, brochures and any other similar written or pictorial works according to the order of page and signature and putting a folder as a protection on them after they constitute blocks and putting a folder as a protection on them or engaging them so that they will not separate after they constitute blocks and the processes like that are called binding and this art is called the art of binding.

This is a valid explanation only as a general identification. Binder does not only mean binding a book or a magazine. For example, there is a work to be printed on the printing machine. The process of cutting the printing papers in the desired size, of folding the signatures with the page number in a way to follow each other, of sewing them in order or engaging them with wire sewing (stapling), of making creasing line, of making processes such as embossing are all the work of binding.

In today’s world the work of binding has been developed greatly. With the developments of technology, blending the signatures, the sewing with glue, placing the cover, all cutting processes and even packaging processes are carried out by the machines. After printing, it carries out the function of a mirror showing the final situation of a printed work.

No matter how perfect the preparation and the film, the paper, the printing were, the appearance and the quality of the work after releasing from the bindery are the real art. Let’s remember some incidents we experience (we experience them for sure) nowadays, that arises from some faulty bindings and bothers us. You want to buy a book. You take the book you like in your hand. Would you buy a book with a sinuously attached binder, messed signatures, swelled cellophane, unparallel and faulty side cuttings? Or would you prefer a more decent book with none of these mistakes?

So, the importance of the work of binding which is the most important part of the post-printing gets revealed here.


Binding Terms

Breakage: It means breaking the printed work in the given size. It is the work of folding a printed signature. Folding: Folding the paper in the desired size.

Mixing: Collating the signatures side by side or one within the other in order to make them a book unit before binding.

Placing a Cover: Addition of the cover for the books with perfect binding and sewing thread or wire sewing.

Perforation: Perforating (The process for holes made with close gaps so that a printed work may be torn off easily on the same page – the process of stapling)

Creasing Line: Slotting on the paperboard or cardboard to make the folding easier in the work of binding.

Wire Sewing: Stapling at least two sheets (broken from the middle).

Omega Wire Sewing: The kind of wire sewing in the form of hump on the back in order to put on the files.

Perfect Binding: The process of trimming the back of the blended signatures with milling cutter and sticking them by gluing.

Sewing Thread: The process having the kinds of (Knotted-Skipped-Normal) and the process of engaging the blended signatures with thread from the back.

Headband: A stripe on both edges of the part where the books are linked with the cover, knitted from sewing silk.

Ribbon: A rag functioning as bookmark between the books, left between the pages we want to be remembered.

Numbering Machine: The process of putting numbers on the successive pages or on the desired place for the following of the opposite pages separated with perforation which is made after printing.

Leaf: The stratified vermeil.

Posturing: The process of covering the prepared book cover with book cloth and combining this with the endpaper of the cover.

Bone Folder: The binder tool made from wood and bone which serves for smoothing it after making the back of the binding round with the edges engraved in a concave way.

Spiral: The process of combining a blended work in leaves or signatures with a special wire by piercing from the back and any desired place and from the beginning to the end of the desired place.

Dust Cover (Case):: The printed protection valve placed generally on the cover of the books.

Embossing: The printed bossing made from inside or outside of the thick paper or paperboard.

Mangle: The machines which have two flanges above and below at the same size, which have a part making pressing above, which make the process of eliminating the air bubbles to remain between while the book cloth sticks to the cardboard after the cover of the work whose binding is completed is placed (drying).

The Follow-up of the Required Tasks While Binding a Book

  • First, the printed works are made into signatures with the breaking machine.
  • If any, the endpaper or the pictures, maps, posters, etc. inside are glued.
  • Blending is carried out and the signatures are ordered according to their order of number.
  • Wire or thread sewing made with the sewing machine according to the customer’s demand.
  • If the thread sewing is made, the backs are glued.
  • If wished, the sides are veneered or dyed.
  • They are made round with rounding machine so that the book may be opened properly.
  • They are pressed again so that the back will spill, the back leaf is placed. A headband is placed on and under the back.
  • The book covers, that were prepared after the side and back cardboards are cut with other machines are glued on paper, fabric or leather, are placed on the book. Meanwhile, the endpapers are glued by placing leaves overflowing on the sides and sign thread between the book and the cover.
  • The book is pressed until it is dried.
  • If needed and if the customer desires, the printing is made on the back and front faces by using bindery paints and vermeil. Binding paints are light resisting, occlusive and special paints. It is possible to make the appearance more impressive by adding varnish to these paints.